View Full Version : Conseil National de Gouvernement, CNG

06-26-09, 12:44 PM
The National Council of Government (French: Conseil National de Gouvernement, CNG) was the ruling body of Haiti from 1986 to 1988. The council was first established on February 7, 1986 as a joint military and civilian provisional government following the exile of President for Life Jean-Claude Duvalier. The council consisted of a President, Lieutenant General Henri Namphy, and five Members, three from the military and two civilians. The military Members were Colonels Williams Régala, Max Valles, and Prosper Avril, while the civilian Members were Gérard Gourgue and Alix Cinéas.

Gourgue resigned from the council less than two months after it was formed, and Colonel Valles, Colonel Avril, and Cinéas were forced to resign soon after. The first National Council was officially dissolved on March 20, 1986. During its short life, the council took two important actions: it dissolved President Duvalier's armed forces, the Volontaires de la Sécurité Nationale, on February 15, and restored the blue and red flag of Haiti on February 17.

A second National Council with three constituents was established on March 21, 1986, the day after the first council was dissolved. The two remaining men of the first council, Henri Namphy and Williams Régala, reprised their positions as President and Member, respectively. Jacques A François joined the council as the second Member.

Elections for president and for seats in the national assembly, set for 29 November 1987, were aborted by army-sponsored violence. In January 1988 the CNG held sham elections and announced that Leslie Manigat had won the presidency.

This version of the National Council ruled until February 7, 1988, when Leslie François Manigat took office as President of Haiti.

The Provisional National Council enacted numerous policy reforms mandated by structural adjustment lending programs from the IMF and the World Bank. These reforms included the privatization of unprofitable state-owned enterprises, trade liberalization, and export promotion. The CNG, however, never fully implemented the economic reforms because of nagging political instability.